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What Are The ABC’s of CPR?

What Are The ABC’s of CPR?

When faced with a medical emergency and a person is unconscious, there are several steps you should take to ensure that persons survival. When you take one of our First Aid & CPR courses offered in North York you will be learning all these steps. Using the ABC’s of CPR, you could be the determining factor between life and death.

A – Airway


You must first check to confirm if the person has an open airway. The airway is the tube that allows air to pass into or out of the lungs; making it impossible to breath if it is blocked. To open it, you must perform a head-tilt/chin-lift. To do this, you need to tilt the head back and lift the chin. This action shifts the tongue away from the back of the throat, and allows air to reach the lungs. Make sure you know how exactly to do that by taking our North York CPR/AED course.

B – Breathing


Next you will check for breathing. For a maximum of 5 to 10 seconds you will need to check for normal breathing. With your face turned towards the person’s torso, right above the person’s mouth, listen for breaths and look to see if the chest is rising and falling. If you only see an infrequent gasp of air, the person is not breathing normally.

C – Check Circulation


When checking for circulation, you must look for deadly bleeding and signs of shock (e.g. pale, moist, cool skin). Deadly bleeding must be controlled as soon as possible and you should speedily check the person from head to toe. Many ways of dealing with bleedings, are practiced in our First Aid & CPR courses taught in our first aid facility in North York. Normal breathing indicates that the heart is beating, but if the person is not breathing as normal, the heart may soon stop and you should start chest compressions.

The ABC’s are only a part of what you need to learn in case an emergency happens. Many of these steps must be practiced so if there’s any kind of emergency you are fully prepaid.
This is why it is now mandatory for large number of people in different occupations to have had a First Aid & CPR training done. We hope we can help the community of North York by making sure everyone is prepared for emergencies.

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